Esta es la foto de un glaciar derriti√©ndose por el calentamiento continuo del Planeta Tierra.¬†Nicaragua, un pa√≠s de 6 millones de personas, est√° intentando reducir su dependencia del petr√≥leo del 70% a solo el 6% para el a√Īo 2017.¬†El pa√≠s lograr√° estos objetivos con el desarrollo de una planta hidroel√©ctrica para el 2016, la cual proveer√° alrededor de 50% de la electricidad del pa√≠s. El resto ser√° proporcionado por granjas de viento y un proyecto geotermal, operables para el a√Īo 2014.

No todos los países tienen el lujo de encontrar depósitos masivos de gas natural, ni muchos los pueden extraer usando la técnica de fracturación hidráulica, como lo ha hecho Estados Unidos.

Este descubrimiento reciente, que se estima proporcionar√° a EE.UU. suficiente energ√≠a para los pr√≥ximos 100 a√Īos, ha desacelerado su prioridad de obtenerla usando renovables. El gas natural contiene un 50% menos de CO2 que el petr√≥leo, pero aun as√≠ contamina la atm√≥sfera.

Si Nicaragua consigue estos objetivos en solo tres a√Īos, no solo beneficiar√° al medio ambiente sino que ahorrar√° una gran parte de su presupuesto nacional, el cual actualmente se gasta en obtener petr√≥leo del extranjero.¬†

Aquí hay una lista de los 45 países que hoy en día obtienen mas del 60% de su electricidad usando energías limpias. En negrita, los países que actualmente obtienen mas del 95% de su energía usando renovables:

Albania (100% hydro in 2008).

Angola (96.45% hydro in 2008)

Austria (73.86% renewable in 2009, 12.5% of that non hydro)

Belize (90.91% hydro in 2008)

Bhutan (99.86% hydro in 2008)

Brazil (88.88% renewable with 4.93 non hydro in 2009)

Burundi (100% hydro in 2008)

Cameroon (77.31% hydro in 2008)

Canada (61.95% renewable, with 1.86% non hydro in 2009)

Central African Republic (81.25% renewable in 2008)

Columbia (85.67% hydro in 2008)

Congo (82.22% renewable in 2008)

Costa Rica (93.11% renewable in 2008)

DPR Korea (61.86%  hydro in 2008)

DR Congo (99.46% hydro in 2008)

Ecuador (64.12% renewable in 2008, with 2.21% non hydro)

El Salvador (62.24% renewable in 2008, with 26.92 non hydro)

Ethiopia (88.17% renewable in 2008, with 0.27% non hydro)

Fiji (68.04% renewable in 2008)

Georgia (85.52% hydro in 2008)

Ghana (75.03% hydro in 2008)

Guatemala (61.31% renewable, with 17.5 non hydro in 2008)

Iceland (100% renewable, with 26.27% geothermal in 2009)

Kenya (62.59% renewable, with 21.06% non hydro in 2008)

Kyrgyzstan (90.85% hydro in 2008)

Lao PDR (92.46% hydro in 2008)

Latvia (62.23% renewable with 1.96% non hydro in 2008)

Lesotho (100% hydro in 2008)

Madagascar (66.67% hydro in 2008)

Malawi (86.31% hydro in 2008)

Mozambique (99.87% hydro in 2008)

Myanmar (62.05% hydro in 2008)

Namibia (70.91% hydro in 2008)

Nepal (99.67% hydro in 2008)

New Zealand (72.52% renewable, including 15.42% non hydro in 2009)

Norway (97.11% renewable, including 0.93% non hydro in 2009)

Paraguay (100.00% hydro in 2008), exporting 90% of generated electricity (54.91 TWh in 2008)

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Peru (60.53% renewable, including 1.47% non hydro in 2008)

Sweden (60.42% renewable, including 10.58% non hydro in 2009)

Tajikistan (98.25% hydro in 2008)

Tanzania (61.45% hydro in 2008)

Uganda (74.77% hydro in 2008)

Uruguay (61.98% renewable, with 9.33 non hydro in 2008)

Venezuela (69.57% hydro in 2008)

Zambia (99.69% hydro in 2008)

[Penn energy vía Cleantechnica] [image: Wikipedia]